最近は、フランス語に首ったけのBKです。
最近、ブログというよりレポートの公開の場になってしまっており、
申し訳ございません!!つまらないよね!!分かる!!
俺だって!俺だって!!好きで書いてるわけじゃないんだ~~!!

。。。ともあれ、
今回は英語での作成となりましたが、そんなに長くもないし、
僕の知っている程度(高校レベル)の単語で書いてあるので、
もし!興味がある方がいらっしゃったら、ご一読下さい。


Agribusiness for development


It is known that third fourth of the poor population live in rural area, and the urban poverty originated in the rural poverty. Therefore, rural development is necessary to reduce poverty, even if the poor widely and separately inhabit in all over the world. While the poverty is in existence still, the global economy is expanding and including the world with so called globalization, and nowadays agribusiness is reaching to rural areas where the main industry is agriculture. Under such a situation, aid agency such as World Bank is focusing on agribusiness for development, so I would like to write about the possibility of agribusiness on development, and the challenges of it with a regard to the argument in WDR2008. After that, I will discuss about one Japanese case on this theme.

First, agribusiness is enhancing the rural economy in reality, and it has potential for the rural development. According to the report, this point is quite clear, and there are many cases to prove the fact. When I visited to south part of India with Japanese NGO to observe the rural livelihood, I saw a case. The village is located near in City of Madurai. Villagers are engaged in coir block produce. Coir block is made by rinds (peels) of coconut palms, and it is used for agriculture to improve the ability of keeping soil moisture and fertilized. Villagers form several groups of farmers or workers in each village. Then, the groups share the tasks to produce the blocks. Then, they earn relatively high wages in rural area. The factory in the village also is run by villagers, and they even export the blocks to South Korea, and European countries with the help of some Agribusiness Corporation. In the villages, all children have become to be able to go to school because the incomes of parents have risen by the business. Based on my short observation and some interviews, there are no major problems caused by the business. The business utilizes local resources which is costless, and is run by local people. I think the reason why the agribusiness success is the scale of agribusiness. As the report insists, SMEs have a key of development in value chains. The strengths of agribusiness are their connection between villages in rural area to market including global market. Moreover, I would like to emphasize the role of agribusiness to bring market information to the village. Most of villages are away from appropriate information of the market, and that is the factor of missing a lot of opportunities to increase their income. Since information has become one of major capital in global economy, agribusiness in rural area has potential to development.

However, there are not only possibilities but also challenges in agribusiness for development. Agribusiness may change or break local communities in rural traditional areas. In fact, agriculture and agribusiness are similar but they mean totally different in rural community. Agriculture is not just the way of get income for local people. It is more like the way of life of the village. In rural community, along with the agricultural seasonal calendar, they cooperate each other, and to traditional activities. However, agribusiness especially major companies do not pay much attention on them. As a result, environment of the rural areas are often destroyed. That situation reminds me of monoculture economy. Therefore, agribusiness for development should not mean simply inclusion of rural economy to global economy.

Lastly, I would like to mention Japanese case in this theme. The case of Ukiha-Cho is interesting to think about participatory rural promotion and agribusiness. In the Ukiha village, local government officer and villagers stood up to promote own village, and it became a quite successful movement. First step of the movement is finding the value of the village. Local people with some outsider searched the value in the village and discovered their own local resources including scenery, traditional product, and agricultural products. Then, they constructed the station of road (Michi-no-Eki) to not only preparation of the transportation, but also as a local market and hub of information. Eventually, the village has restructured well, and changed a lot, but the community itself has even been strengthened due to the participation of them. Like this, agribusiness also should utilize the local resources, and aim to bring about movement of rural development by local people. In my understanding, major agribusiness enterprises have no idea of this point, so government of developing country should pay attention to lead multinational corporations to empower and draw out local community.